Wednesday, November 14, 2012

Formal Analysis using the Elements and Principles of Design

Hello fellow artists! Both "A" and "B" Day were spent reviewing the Elements and Principles of Design.

We seperated into groups and then formally analyzed various paintings. Each group was to discuss three elements and justify why you chose these with three principles.

You were then asked to discuss three principles and justify these with three elements. The rules were that you could not use an element or principle twice! Each group presented their findings to the class and did a fantastic job.


Image Source: WebMuseum of Pioch, N.
http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/gogh/gogh.eglise-auvers.jpg

Here is a sample using a painting by Vincent van Gogh, L'├ęglise d'Auvers-sur-Oise (The Church at Auvers-sur-Oise) 1890; Musee d'Orsay, Paris:
3 Elements3 Principles
1. LineMovement1. EmphasisValue
2. ShapeRhythm2. Balance (Approximate)Form
3. Space + / -  Unity3. PatternColor
Elements:
  1. The line in this painting The Church at Auvers-sur-Oise by Vincent van Gogh creates lots movement and helps to carry me through the painting. 
  2. The shape of brush strokes used creates a sense of rhythm that carry you around the painting.
  3. The use of negative  space in the swirling sky and the pathways allows the viewer to unify the individual focal points of the painting such as the figure and the church which represent the positive space.
Principles:
  1. The emphasis used in the application of paint in the grass and in the sky is achieved by the use of value moving from light to dark or from dark to light depending on how the painting affects you. 
  2. The balance in this painting is fairly approximate where the sky balances the ground by the placement of the horizon line and the form of the church being placed in the center of the picture plane. 
  3. The pattern of brush strokes and the application of analogous colors (colors next to each other on the color wheel) such as orange and yellow orange, along with yellow green, and the use of complementary colors in the roof such as the patch of orange and and its complement blue help to create focal points that guide you around the picture plane.